Psalms 23:5, “You prepare a table before me in the presence of my enemies; You anoint my head with oil; My cup runs over.”

You.  Refers to the Shepherd (Jesus).

Prepare.  The Shepherd (Jesus) is making ready or preparing a table for His sheep (people).

A.  Singular article referring to one item.  In this case, a table.

Table.  Furniture that is used to hold things or in this case, food.  The Shepherd (Jesus) went before us to give us the bread of life and living water that we need for salvation.  He does this in the prescence of the world as a proclamation that we are His.  We should then be open about our relationship with Jesus.

Before.  In front of.  The table is before the sheep (people).

Me.  Refers to the sheep (people)

In.  Direction word.  Leads to the rest of the phrase the prescence of my enemies.

The. Infers that there is one or one group of people or things.

Prescence.  Being there at a particular place.  Refers to the fact that the enemies are in the same place as the sheep (people)

Of.  Shows the relationship of the prescence to the enemies.

My.  Refers to the possessiveness of the sheep (people).  The sheep (people) do have something and that is enemies.

Enemies.  Those that oppose.  The enemies of the sheep (people) are those who oppose Jesus and His Word.  Satan, his demons, and unbelievers are all considered enemies of God, Jesus, the Holy Spirit, and the believers.

You.  Refers to the Shepherd (Jesus).

Anoint.  A smearing or rubbing of oil on the person or thing.  In this instance, the Shepherd (Jesus) anoints the sheep’s (people’s) head with oil to show that they are part of the family of God.

My.  Associated with the sheep (people).  Possessive of the next word, head.

Head.  The top of the animal or person.  The portion of the body that contains the brain, which is responsible for thought.  This is the part of the body that is also anointed with oil.

With.  Showing that the oil is being used by the Shepherd (Jesus) on the sheep (people).

Oil.  Typically an olive oil that is used to pour on the heads of kings.

My.  Associated with the sheep (people).  Possessive of the next word, cup.

Cup.  An instrument used to hold liquid.  Not a literal cup in this case, though.  This refers to the blessings that are received from the Shepherd.  As sheep (people), we receive more than we need from the Shepherd (Jesus).  So much received that the cup overflows ad cannot be contained.

Runs.  More than just a little spill.  If water runs over in a glass, it goes all over the place.  There is more than enough for that person and others around.

Over.  With the cupover refers to over the top of the cup.  A cup can only hold so much and then the contents go over the top.

Jesus gives us more than we will ever need.  We are treated like kings and queens.  We are given food, water, and all our other needs are met and exceeded.  They go over the amount that we can hold.  This happens so that we can bless others like Jesus blesses us.  With Jesus, we can enjoy all that He has to offer in front of our enemies.  With Jesus, our enemies have no power.  Jesus cares for us.  Jesus saves us.

Heavenly Father,

Thank You for all that You do for us daily.  Our needs are met, our souls are refreshed, and our salvation is ensured.  You protect us from our enemies.  You alone are our God now and forever.  I pray that You continue to overfill our cups with blessings.

In Your name we pray,

Amen

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