Psalms 23:2, “He makes me to lie down in green pastures; He leads me beside the still waters.”
He. Possessive pronoun for a male. The He in this verse is the Shepherd, Jesus. Jesus is in control as the Shepherd, guiding His sheep, the people of the world.
Makes. A verb with a strong emotion. Makes give the indication that there is no choice but to go with the Shepherd. The Shepherd is in the leading business and makes shows that the Shepherd is in full control of His flock.
Me. Like I, me refers to the reader of the text. Along with He makes, this shows that the Shepherd is making us do something. Jesus knows what is best for us and thus, this is why He is making us do what He wants us to do.
To. A preposition that indicates a direction. When Jesus wants us to do something, He wants us to go in His direction. Jesus is the WAY. Jesus is who we should run to. Jesus is all that we need. To is guiding us toward Jesus and His great gift, Heaven.
Lie. To be in a state of relaxation. Lie is linked directly to the next word, down. This shows that the person or things is going to relax in a laid out position.
Down. Another direction term. Down, being the opposite of up. This is directly linked to the word previous, lie. Jesus wants us to lay down and rest. God, when He created the whole world, rested on the seventh day. This shows that God wants us to rest just as He rested. God does not need the rest, but simply showed the example to us.
In. Another preposition. This one tells the “where” of the statement. In refers to the next two words: green pastures. When Jesus wants us to go in somewhere, it is for our best interest to listen.
Green. A color. The Shepherd made sure to lead the sheep (people) to green grass, that would be soft to lay down in and good for food as well. He did not lead the sheep (people) to brown grass where it would be uncomfortable and not good for eating. This again proves that the Shepherd has the sheep’s (people’s) best interest.
Pastures. An area of grass for livestock. The green pasture would be similar to the picture I have attached. It would be open so that the Shpeherd could see threats coming and deal with them. It would be large so that all the sheep (people) could be in place. Jesus would know this and would be prepared for the sheep (people) to lay down, get rest and get nourishment.
He. Again, linking to Jesus, the Great Shepherd. This second reference is to make sure that the reader knows that Jesus (Shepherd) is in control of the sheep (people).
Leads. Jesus is a leader. He guides the sheep (people) where He wants them to go. The sheep (people) are not in charge; Jesus is. Jesus makes sure to guide where He is going and keep the flock from harm. A leader is in control. Jesus is a perfect leader who never loses control of his people. He knows them better than they know themselves.
Me. Second metion of me. Again, as before, linking the He to the me. Jesus and us are closely linked together. Jesus is never far from creation. Jesus is always there. Jesus is leading us and in control for us.
Beside. Another of many prespositions. This one instructs the sheep (people) to stay close to the Shepherd (Jesus) and beside what the Shepherd (Jesus) wants the sheep (people) to be near. Since Jesus is the Great Shepherd, He would not be leading His sheep (people) near something that is harmful.
The. An article. In this case, it would refer to the next two words. It would infer that there is only one of this object around. The Shepherd (Jesus) would make sure that this object would be enough for all his sheep (people).
Still. Not fast moving. Calm. Descriptive word of the next word: waters. As sheep, they would not want to go near fast rushing water. Fast moving water would likely carry the sheep away and cause them to drown. The Shepherd (Jesus) would make sure that the sheep (people) got the hydration that was required.
Waters. The water is the hydration that sheep (people) need to survive. This is also an inference to Jesus, who is the Living Water. With the Living Water, we will never thirst again. This water would leave us needing more and more. Jesus would know this and this is why His offering of Living Water is for all who will receive.
Jesus knows when we need food, water, and rest. These are all basic needs. Jesus takes care of our basic needs. He is always there and always cares. Jesus leads us where we need to be at all times. He tries to keep us from harm. Jesus is our Shepherd if we will let Him be. The choice is ours.
Thank You for taking care of our basic needs. All that we have is Yours. Your guiding hands are there for us. I pray that we will allow You to be our Shepherd forever. I pray that we will not go off and wander far from You and if we do, I pray that you will pull us back. We rely on You and need You always. You are our food. You are our water. You are our resting place. You are all in all. We worship You as the Lord of Lords and King of Kings. You continue to be there for us even when we don’t deserve it. Thank You for all that You are.
In Your leading and guiding name we pray,